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What is Adenovirus? What are the prevention strategies?

WHAT IS ADENOVIRUS? 

Adenovirus is a common viral infection that most often infects the airways and causes cold-like symptoms, laryngitis, bronchitis or the croup. Some types may cause intestinal infections with diarrhea. Adenovirus can survive for a long time on objects. In addition, Adenoviruses are also part of the non-enveloped virus family, and as such, are an important representative claim for disinfectants that will be used when caring for Ebola Virus Disease patients.
 
FAST FACTS ABOUT ADENOVIRUSES:

  • More than 50 different types can cause infections in humans
  • Commonly cause respiratory illnesses
  • Typical infections caused include gastroenteritis, conjunctivitis, cystitis, and sometimes neurological disease
  • Spread from infected people to others through:
    • Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands,
    • The air by coughing and sneezing
    • Touching objects or surfaces with adenoviruses on them then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes
  • Infants and people with weakened immune systems are at high risk for developing severe illness when infected with Adenovirus infection
  • Adenoviruses are resistant to many common disinfectants and can remain infectious for long periods on environmental surfaces and medical instruments

PREVENTION STRATEGIES

  • Hand Hygiene: Wash hands frequently using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub when soap and water are not available
  • Personal Protective Equipment: Use personal protective equipment, such as gloves
  • Surface Disinfection: Use an EPA registered, healthcare grade disinfectant with efficacy claims against adenoviruses.
    • The Adenovirus type 5 claim was recently added to the Sani-Cloth® AF3 Germicidal Disposable Wipes master label.Click here to learn more.

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/adenovirus/hcp/clinical-overview.html